The Terminal on macOS offers quite an amount of functionality, but most of it is hard to discover unless you already know what you're looking for. So here's a quick cheat sheet explaining unique functions with their corresponding key combos:
Marks allow you to mark certain lines in the output, and allow you to jump between different parts of the output.
By default, every time you hit enter on your prompt, Terminal will automatically insert a mark for you. You can configure this in the
Edit menu, under
Marks with the option
Automatically Mark Prompt Lines.
Marks are visualised in the Terminal window as light grey square brackets (They are not, however, part of the output).
Cmd-⬆: Jump to previous mark
Cmd-⬇: Jump to next mark
Cmd-Shift-A: Selects the output between the current marks
Enter, and will always create a mark
Enter, but will never create a mark
Cmd-U: Create mark
Cmd-Shift-U: Remove mark
Cmd-L: Clear screen to previous mark
Similar to marks, they can optionally be named, and are more useful to denote larger sections of the output. They are denoted by light grey bars.
Cmd-Shift-M: Insert Bookmark
Cmd-Option-U: Mark current line as bookmark
Cmd-Shift-Option-M: Insert named bookmark
Cmd-Option-⬆: Jump to previous bookmark
Cmd-Option-⬇: Jump to next bookmark
Cmd-Option-L: Clear to previous bookmark
View different parts of the scrollback buffer of the same terminal.
Cmd-D: Split window into panes
Cmd-Shift-D: close split pane
Cmd-K: Clear everything
Cmd-Option-K: Clear scroll back (everything except what you see on the screen)
Cmd-Option-O: Toggle use of option as meta key
Cmd-Ctrl-V: Paste escaped text. Useful for pasting e.g. paths containing whitespace.
Cmd-Shift-Option-C: Copy as plain text
PageDown: Scroll one line up/down
]: Switch between windows
]: Switch between tabs
(Some of this I learned from mjtsai's post Mac Terminal Tips, which is a great jumping off point for further interesting things the Terminal can do)